There’s no other way to put this…
there are only two clinically proven items that work for skin anti-aging. They have a tried, tested and proven ability to stop, reduce and slow down fine wrinkles and age spots.
If you are serious about stopping the formation of new fine wrinkles and age spots and reducing your current fine wrinkles and age spots, you have to start this simple and affordable 2-step skin anti-aging regimen that includes tretinoin cream and SPF 50 sunscreen.
Tretinoin is the only cream that is FDA approved for wrinkles and age spots and the correct usage of sunscreen is the only other topical treatment that has been clinically proven to slow down skin aging.
What are Fine Wrinkles and Age Spots
Around 25, most of us start to notice the very first signs of aging. We notice very fine lines which are the start of wrinkles that begin to appear in areas of facial expression. There are many internal and external factors that cause skin aging.
As we progress into our 30’s, fine wrinkles become more pronounced and many of us start seeing age spots. Age spots are flat tan, brown or black spots that vary in size. They start appear on the face, hands and shoulders as we age and they are mostly caused through sun exposure.
The combination of these two signs of an ageing skin have a dramatic effect on our appearance making us look a lot older than we are. Now that we have established what works, here’s how to use both ingredients correctly to ensure it has the maximum effect on your skin.
How to Stop Fine Wrinkles and Age Spots with Tretinoin and Sunscreen
Step 1 - Apply a Tretinoin Cream at Night
What it is a tretinoin cream?
Tretinoin is a form of vitamin A that works on the skin. It has been around since the 1960’s and is a well-researched drug. The topical cream or gel is used to traditionally treat acne however its significant effects on fine wrinkles and age spots has resulted in the product being prescribed as a anti-aging product for wrinkles.
Tretinoin cream can decrease wrinkles by almost 27%, the biggest reduction in wrinkles compared to other available treatments.
Tretinoin cream can decrease age spots by up to 71%.
Tretinoin is about 20 times more powerful than the similar compound retinol which is found in most anti-aging cosmetics giving you results in a much shorter time. Tretinoin cream is also considerably cheaper than most anti-aging cosmetics.
How does tretinoin cream work to stop fine wrinkles and age spots?
Tretinoin works by increasing the rate at which skin cells multiply and die. This results in the exfoliation of old damaged skin and replacement with a fresh new layer of cells at the surface of the skin. This same process also leads to a thicker more robust layer of skin at the surface. In addition, tretinoin has an anti-inflammatory effect. All these effects act together to stop, lighten and reduce wrinkles and age spots.
Collagen decreases in production with age and is easily damaged by sun exposure. This decrease in collagen contributes to the formation of wrinkles. Tretinoin promotes the production of collagen that increases the structural firmness of the skin. This role of tretinoin plays the most significant effect in decreasing and stopping fine wrinkles.
How to use tretinoin cream correctly?
- Wash face with a gentle cleanser.
- Dry completely and wait 15 minutes before evenly applying a pea sized portion to face. Use an additional pea sized portion for neck and hands if required.
- Always apply before going to bed and avoid using other products in conjunction. Never use tretinoin cream during the day or in sunlight.
- Start the treatment by applying the cream twice weekly for the first two weeks then progress to every night thereafter.
- Wash of thoroughly each morning.
- Start with the lowest strength 0.025% and graduate upwards to the 1% cream. Your physician can advise you further on the appropriate dosage.
Tips to get the best results from tretinoin cream
- Never apply to a wet face, this will increase the chances of irritation.
- Store your product in a cool dark place as tretinoin is easily broken down by sunlight and heat, making the active ingredient ineffective.
- Avoid products with glycolic acid or benzyl peroxide. Glycolic acid is found in many anti-aging and exfoliating products, benzyl peroxide is found in most topical acne products.
- Do not us tretinoin if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy.
- Do not exfoliate while on tretinoin cream as the cream exfoliates the skin on its own.
- Common adverse effects include dryness and skin irritation. This is easily prevented by starting with the lowest strength and working your way up. Stop treatment and consult your physician if you are unsure about any effects.
- Stay sun smart, as tretinoin can make your skin sensitive to sunlight, make sure you use a sunscreen, see step 2.
Tretinoin cream is a prescription cream that must be prescribed by a registered physician.
Step 2 - Apply the Correct SPF 50 Sunscreen Daily
There are many internal and external factors that cause wrinkles and age spots. However, the single factor that contributes the most to aging is sun exposure.
Sun exposure is responsible for up to 90% of skin aging.
UVA and UVB rays from sunlight penetrate the skin, destroying collagen and elastin and damaging DNA. You can see the effect of the sun on your skin when you compare the skin on your hands and face to the skin on the areas of your body that are always covered.
Fortunately, we have sunscreen and it is the only other topical product that has a proven ability to slow down skin aging.
A recent study showed a 24% decrease in skin aging.
How to use sunscreen to stop fine wrinkles and age spots
- Always use a sunscreen with a SPF of 50. There is a minimal difference in effectiveness of sunscreens above SPF 50.
- Always apply sunscreen first before other products like moisturisers and make up. The active ingredients in sunscreen need to bind to the skin to provide the best protection. Wait for a few minutes after applying sunscreen to apply your moisturiser. This prevents the sunscreen from being diluted.
- Apply sunscreen 30 mins before going outside.
- Reapply every 3-4 hours if possible and for the best results.
- Reapply more often if you live in a humid area and sweat a lot.
- If you are exposed to excessive sunlight, chose a sunscreen with titanium dioxide or zinc oxide as these two compounds sit on your skin and provide a physical barrier to harmful sun rays.
- Use a waterproof sunscreen when swimming. These sunscreens usually have a time specification for reapplication. Always reapply as directed.
- Sun tanning is dangerous, avoid it to prevent aging.
- Stay inside from 11am to 2pm.
- Remember your vitamin d supplementation. Vitamin D levels can drop significantly when we are sun smart. Take a supplement or include vitamin d rich foods to your diet.
Step 1 - Tretinoin cream at night
Step 2 - Sunscreen during the day
It’s easy, affordable and it has a proven success rate. Don’t waste your time on expensive creams that give you lesser results over longer periods and remember to discuss everything with your physician first. Any questions? Use the comment section below and I will try to answer them.